Which Are The 5 Themes Of Geography? (Plus coaching Tactics)

Geography is actually a topic that is big. It literally spans the globe. That’s why the National Council for Geographic Education and the Association of American Geographers broke geography down into five distinct themes:

  • Location
  • Place
  • Human-Environment Interactions
  • Movement
  • Region

Here’s a short video about each of the five themes of geography and how to approach them in the Classroom.

Geography Theme 1: Location

Location is the Study of where places are located, both relative and absolute.

Absolute place is actually a reference that is definitive a place. So, it’s a place’s latitude and longitude, an address, or any other way to tell exactly where a accepted place is actually. In the event that you explain home as actually at 123 principal Street, you’re explaining an location that is absolute.

Relative location explains where a place is in relation to other landmarks and the environment. Describing your School as 23 miles from the ocean that is nearest is making use of comparative place.

Location is very important to knowing the location of an area us communicate about different places as it helps. And location that is defining you recognize how such things as environment, all-natural methods, and topography influence human beings.

How To train place

Teaching place indicates instructing young ones to spell it out spots, together with reading and maps that are creating.

Build an amusement park

Prince William County Schools/theme park project via

Teach the basics of mapmaking and ideas of location by having students design their amusement that is own playground. Let them consider the downright and locations that are relative they map out their rides. The roller that is big is at a particular latitude and longitude. It’s additionally 50 foot through the snowfall cone stand.

Get It:

Build Your Amusement Park lesson

Create a whole story mapRead books from around the world and, as you do, identify on the map where each story takes place. As you read, talk about how the accepted location formed the storyline. The Bull?Here’s a list of

picture books that take place around the world

to get you started for example, how did Spanish topography and culture shape the story of Ferdinand.

Map in piecesJohn Mark Smith/map of U.S.

via Cut pieces out of a map of the United States (small or large, depending on the grade you teach) and have students guess which state it comes from based on what they see. Is there ocean coastline? A lake? Lots farmland? Can students work together to match each piece with the continuing condition it comes down from?Create a class atlasStarts at Eight/atlas job via

Give students huge items of report and


tools. Designate all of them each a nation to


and produce an atlas web page. Next, show all of the atlas pages in a space that is public they can read about other countries.

Geography Theme 2: Place

Place is about understanding the physical and human qualities of a spot.

Physical Characteristics are things like mountains, rivers, beaches, climate, and plant and animal life. Think about what you’d see on a map that is topographical. Utilizing characteristics that are physical a place could be described as dry, arid, and populated by cacti and desert animals.

Human characteristics are things that people have made that define a place. That could be architecture, farms and land use, religious practices, political systems, transportation, and/or communication. Using human characteristics, a place could be described as an advanced, Spanish-speaking democracy with a Catholic majority.

Place is important because the characteristics of a place influence how humans interact with the environment. For example, the amount of rain impacts which crops can grow. Or a accepted place with a redwood woodland may produce a logging sector in one single region.”async”And location is very important for comprehending diversity that is cultural. Culture is shaped by place, and regions that are different different practices and values which can be formed by-place.”lazy”How To train Place “800”Have students check out the thought of location by employing each element—physical and human—in projects that are various all at once. “600”Create your own country”create-your-own-country” alt=


style= >

CVES 4th grade/student map


A project like having students create their country that is own asks to believe through the qualities of a nation they generate, and the top features of the region they decide to stick it in the entire world.

Get it:

hand holding dirt Create Your Own Country lessonCreate a world that is real*)Watch a video about the challenge of creating a map of the world like this one:

Then, have students tackle the challenge of how to represent the world map. How have cartographers already solved this problem? What other ideas do students have?

Put together a soil report

Muffin Creation/dirt in hand


Have students request soil samples from people they know around the country or even the world. Once the soil is had by you products, research all of them. Understanding comparable? Understanding various? So how exactly does the structure regarding the dirt let you know about the accepted place it’s from?

Compile a weather report

Assign each student or group of students a city around the world. One day each week or for a weeks that are few a row, pupils research the elements for this town, record the current weather shows, and keep an eye on the elements designs. Whenever pupils have sufficient tape-recorded info, let them assess and provide the information. Which town gets the temperature that is highest? The lowest? The range that is biggest? Minuscule variety? Exactly what do weather let you know about someplace?Investigate maps

Watch videos about how maps have already been completely wrong throughout record:

Then, examine different sorts of maps and go over what each chart reveals and what sort of info cartographers want to accumulate to generate it.

Read a lot more:

Google planet Hacks to utilize today

Geography Theme 3: Human-Environment connections

Human-environment relationship will be the factor of exactly how people adjust to and customize the planet. Therefore, it is exactly how men and women have formed the area, in good and ways that are negative and how the environment shapes people. For example, human-environment interaction explores how people living in cold climates use natural gas to heat homes, while in more climates that are temperate individuals utilize different ways of hvac. Another instance is actually how building of dams influences people (more and more people can inhabit a location) while the planet (some pets may flourish and others may well not; a lake is likely to be produced where there clearly was one that is n’t).

wants and needs anchor chart for teaching five themes of geography Humans are always shifting and impacting the land, so this theme is important to understand how activities that are human the world additionally the ensuing outcomes.How To coach Human-Environment Interactions

Teaching human-environment connections begins with assisting young ones recognize how they reap the benefits of and affect their own environment that is own expanding from there.

Make a list of wants and needs

The Bilingual Hut/wants and needs


child in a backyard for a geography lesson ideaHave students work together to list their wants and needs. How do they get their wants and needs from their current city? How might their wants and needs change and be met if they lived in a place that is differentCalculate population modification

Collect populace research to suit your town-going right back at the very least half a century. When students provide and analyze the info, exactly what do they observe? Exactly what styles carry out they see? Exactly what have affected those styles? For an extension, receive a historian that is local class to talk about the population trends and history of your area.“wild.”

Go natural

house in flood water for a project on the five themes of geography Eren Li/Child in yard via

Investigate the plants that grow naturally in your area and create an image of what a yard that is natural appear like. Would there end up being much less yard as you inhabit a area that is dry? Or would there be plants that are tall you reside someplace with many rainfall? Have actually college students produce a campaign to promote visitors to permit gardens get

Do a vanishing-island job Global Oneness Project/Isle de Jean Charles via

After watching a film that is 9-minute the Isle de Jean Charles, a tiny island community off the Louisiana coast, students learn about how the changes on the island are impacting people who live there. Then, they learn more about the effects of hurricanes for people who live on the coast.

Learn More:

  • A Vanishing Island lesson
  • at PBS LearningMedia
  • Geography Theme 4: Movement

    Movement studies the real ways in which some ideas, products, methods, interaction, and styles travel throughout the world. This consists of immigration and migration. Movement could be cell phone reception moving around the world, or refugees fleeing a country during war.

    Movement is broken into different types:

    cover of the book I ship by Kelly Rice Schmitt

    Human migration: when people move from one place to another either voluntarily or involuntarily

    Transportation of goods and services: moving products from where they are made to another placeCommunication of ideas: dissemination of information through various channelsCultural diffusion: when cultural traits spread from one society to another

    A big theme in movement is globalization and the impact of globalization on economies around the world.How To Teach Movement Teaching movement involves introducing students to new topics, like shipping, and using familiar tools, like maps.

    Read about movement

    Read a book like I Ship by Kelly Rice Schmitt and use the book’s narrative to trace how goods move from one place to another through shipping routes.

    Buy it:

    I Ship

    at Amazon

    Get teaching guide:

    I Ship Teaching Guide

    at Lerner Publishing

    Create a travel mapHave students create a list of places that they would like to visit around the world. How would they get to each location? Have students create a map of how they would get from their hometown to each place. Can they think of creative ways to move from one place to another? For example, are there any shipping routes that go from your town to another country? Or do you want to visit any accepted locations where tend to be near sufficient to happen to be via hot-air balloon? Here’s making a map Google that is using Maps

    Create a family movement map

    Ask students to ask their parents and grandparents where their family came from and create a class map of how people moved and immigrated to your town. Note that one family may have more than one migration or immigration path.

    • Learn A video about push and pull factors and migration, like this one:“the Midwest.”Then, assign students a region and have them research why people are either moving to or from that region about push and pull factors

    Watch. Some regions to include: Syria, the United States, Pakistan, India, Ukraine.

    Use the

    World Migration Report that are 2020( for a visualization.

    two student made maps of a classroom area Geography Theme 5: Region

    Regions separate the global world into units for study. Each region has some characteristic that unites it.

    Formal regions: regions with official boundaries, like cities, states, countries

    cover of at the same moment around the world

    Functional regions: regions that are defined by connections, like the suburbs around a city that create a region

    Vernacular regions: perceived regions like There are no official boundaries, but these regions are generally understood.Studying cultural regions helps students understand how societies have developed over time and how environment shapes culture that is human

    How To Teach Region

    stamps from around the world for an activity to teach the five geography themes Teach area by producing areas and dealing with principles that will determine areas, like time areas and items. Map your class region

    Not an maps that are atlas/student-made

    Use students’ addresses to create the region for your class. Then, discuss the features that are physical. Exactly what features that are physical included? What features that are man-made incorporated? How can the advantages being incorporated impact the ability of residing here?

    Create a wall period areasRead a novel like In the moment that is same the World by Clotilde Perrin and introduce the idea of time zones. Create a clock wall for your room that shows the right time areas in numerous towns and cities throughout the world.

    Buy it: At the moment that is same the World at Amazon

    Investigate cultural artifacts(*)brambleroots/stamps(*) via (*)Look at stamps or money from around the world. What do different countries include on their stamps or money? How does their culture and region influence cash or stamps?(*)More Resources for instructing the 5 Themes of Geography (*)If you appreciated our very own post in the five motifs of location would like a lot more content like this, (*)be sure to sign up for our very own updates.(*)Plus, discover these incredible (*)Geography realities for young ones(*).(*)

    Emma Johnson

    Emma Johnson is a passionate and talented article writer with a flair for captivating storytelling. With a keen eye for detail and a knack for research, she weaves compelling narratives that leave readers wanting more. When she's not crafting words, Emma enjoys exploring new cuisines and honing her photography skills.

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